JABS Instructions for Authors

All the authors wishing to submit their research articles/ manuscripts to JABS for its consideration for publication are guided to adhere to the instructions given below in following areas:

  1. JABS Code of  Ethics
  2. Pre-Submission : Author’s Check List
  3. How to cite References- Examples


JABS Code of Ethics

Before submitting their manuscripts to JABS, the authors agree to abide by the Journal's Code of Ethics as follow:


  • Must not have been previously published as article or as book chapters. 
  • Must report new theoretical and/or empirical results that have not been published previously. Authors whose manuscripts utilize data that are reported in another manuscript must inform the Editor of these reports at the time of submission.
  • Must not have been previously submitted to JABS for review. In case the manuscript was previously rejected by JABS and the author wishes to re-submit it for review then this fact and the justification for resubmission must be clearly communicated at the time of submission.
  • The only exception to the "previous publication" is a paper included in conference proceedings.
  • Check your manuscript for possible breaches of copyright law and secure the necessary permissions before submission. Avoid anything in the text that might be actionable, such as defamation. Avoid using sexist and biased language that could be interpreted as denigrating to ethnic or other groups; for example, use plural rather than single pronouns ("they" rather than "he").
  • Please be sure to:
          • clear the file of all possible viruses;
          • remove all information that could identify the author(s) (including Acknowledgments and contact information - they should appear only on your Title Page, which will be uploaded as a separate document so that the double-blind review process is not violated);

All accepted manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement signed by all authors that the article is original, is not under consideration by another journal, has not previously been published elsewhere, and its content has not been anticipated by a previous publication. The corresponding author may sign on behalf of all co-authors.

Each author of an accepted article must submit a biographical sketch of 50-60 words. The sketch should identify where you earned your highest degree, your current affiliation and position, your current research interests, your country of birth and current citizenship(s), and an e-mail address.


Pre-Submission:    Author Check LIST
Author must ensure final check as follow before submission:

Format:    Files formatted in MS Word  & Submitted electronically

Article Title Page:   

  • The article title is relevant to the theme of the manuscript. Title of the article should be direct, short and reader friendly.
  • An article title page has been created for the article, including: 
  • Full name of each contributing author
  • Affiliation,  Brief professional biography for each contributing author
  • Name and email address of the corresponding author
  • Structured abstract – formatted as per the Author Guidelines
  • Key words:      At the end of abstract, on the abstract page authors are asked to include 4 to 7 key words that could describe your paper for indexing, and facilitate web searching of their article.
  • Classification of your article – as per the Author Guidelines
  • Check and correct spelling and punctuation before submitting manuscript.
  • Abstract:    The article should start with an Abstract Page that includes the title of the manuscript and an abstract with length of up to 400 words. Following point should be taken care of while writing abstract:
  • The abstract page shall not contain any information that could identify the author(s). 
  • Don’t make any reference citations in the abstract. 
  • Ensure that the abstract is direct and reader-friendly i.e. informative for non-specialists.
  • Body of the paper:    The body of the article shall confirm to the following guide lines:
  • The introduction should state clearly the objective of the paper as well as the motivation and context of the research. 
  • The literature review should be limited to the articles, books and other items that have a direct bearing on the topic being addressed. 
  • Theoretical papers may devote a full section to motivation and potential usefulness of the proposed theoretical framework. 
  • Notes/Endnotes used only where deemed absolutely necessary for explanation of any terminology or phenomenon in the text. These notations shall be consecutively numbered, enclosed in square brackets and Listed at the end of the article.
  • The empirical section should provide appropriate citations to the statistical methodology used and a complete explanation only if the methodology is new.
  • Full details of the statistical analyses and results must be included in the paper itself. 
  • The conclusion should summarize key findings and state their importance to the field.
  • Ensure consistency in use of capitalization, spelling, hyphenation and formatting throughout the manuscript. 
  • Avoid common usage errors such as "it's" and "its", "affect" and "effect", and "that" and "which". Singular (plural) nouns require singular (plural) pronouns and verbs. "Data" is a plural noun; "none" is singular. "Who" should be used for people; "that" and "which" for organizations
  • Make certain that the reference for each citation in the text is complete and all the references are in Harvard Reference Style / APA style with minor alterations as allowed by the JABS.


References:    Make certain that the reference for each citation in the text is complete and all the references are in Harvard Reference Style or APA style with minor alterations as allowed by the JABS. However before submitting the final version shall be checked that:

  • Formatted as per the Author Guidelines
  • All references are in Harvard style or APA style
  • Reference are complete, accurate,  and consistent in style.



  • Formatted as per the Author Guidelines
  • Submitted as a separate file to the main body of the article
  • Position of each table clearly labelled in the body text of article
  • Corresponding labels clearly shown


Presentation Format

  • Margins should be one inch (2.5cm) at the top, bottom, and sides of the page.
  • Font type should be 11-point Times Roman throughout the document.
  • Manuscript text should be left-aligned with Line spacing 1.5 for the all body text however, abstract, references, endnotes and appendices shall contain line spacing as one.
  • Use one space, not two spaces, between sentences.
  • Number all pages of manuscript including Abstract Page at bottom right corner.